NLU 01 Cyber Laws National and International Perspective M2

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Q1. Case Study (Compulsory). 15 Marks.
Swan International Agency Pvt. Ltd. (Swan) is in the business of publishing books, e-books, internet
blogs for writers, various other internet publications etc. It wants to expand its business and therefore it
also requested to become a certifying authority under the IT Act. The Memorandum of Association of
Swan permits any other business to be done by the company. Swan applies to the Controller of Certifying
Authority to become a certifying authority since it is in business of publishing electronic books and has
various electronic writers’ blogs who wish to transact online and thus would be more comfortable in
applying to Swan for digital signature certificate than to any other certifying authority. The Controller of
Certifying authority gave a one year license to Swan. Within 6 months of the grant of license of
Certifying authority, there was a raid on Swan’s premises by CBI and Delhi Police alleging that it is
allowing the digital signature certificate to be misused and thus has caused massive economic losses to
various people. Swan’s directors are prosecuted. One of the creditors of the company wants to liquidate
the company and applies to the High Court in this regard.
Having regard to the above facts, answer the following questions giving adequate reasons:
(i) Whether SWAN could have got the certifying authority license from Controller of Certifying
Authority in the first place?
(ii) Whether SWAN’s directors can be punished for the misuse of digital signature certificate
information and whether penal action can be taken against them?
(iii) Whether SWAN can be liquidated by the High Court and if so what additional formalities are


Short Answers: Attempt ANY 3. Each answer carries 5 marks.
Q2. What is the role of ICANN’s UDRP?

Q3. What is the role of jurisprudence in shaping the positive law? Explain by giving example as to how
jurisprudence has helped evolving the IT Act, 2000.

Q4. What are the salient features of Indian Constitution? Can it be stated that Internet is providing free
flow of information and thus giving force to Freedom of Speech and Expression under the Indian
Constitution. Hence, IT Act, 2000 which is imposing restriction on usage of internet is in violation of
Constitution of India.

Q5. Write a brief note on:
(a) Whether computer software has to be patented or copyrighted or both
(b) Electronic Signature
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