ADL 10 Marketing Research V3

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ADL 10 Marketing Research V3
Assignment – A
Question 1. “Food Mania” is a chain of fast food restaurants located in major
metropolitan areas in the south. Sales have been growing very slowly for the
last two years. Management has decided to add some new items to the menu, but
first they want to know more about their customers and their preferences.
(a) List two Hypothesis
(b) What kind of research design is appropriate? Why?
Question 2. Develop a plan for conducting a focus group to determine consumers’
attitudes towards and preferences for imported automobiles. Specify the
objectives of the focus group, write a screening questionnaire, and develop a
moderato’s outline.
Question 3. You are in the marketing research department of a firm specializing
in developing decision support system (DCS) for the health care Industry. Your
firm would like to measure the attitudes of hospital administrators towards DSS.
The interview would be conducted by telephone. You have been asked to develop an
appropriate scale for this purpose. Management would like you to explain and
justify your reasoning in constructing the scale.
Question 4. After receiving some complaints from readers, your campus newspaper
decides to redesign its front page. Two new formats B and C were developed and
tested against the current format, A. A total of 75 students were randomly
selected and 25 students were randomly assigned to each of three format
conditions. The students were asked to evaluate the effectiveness of the format
on an 11-point scale. ( 1 = Poor, 11 = excellent )
(a) State the null hypothesis
(b) What statistical test should you use?
(c) What are the degrees of freedom associated with the test statistic?
Question 5. Describe the appropriate target population and the sampling frame in
each of the following situations:
(a) The manufacturer of a new cereal brands want to conduct in home product
usage test in Chicago.
(b) A national chain store wants to determine the shopping behavior of
customers who have in store charge card.
(c) A local TV station wants to determine households’ viewing habits and
programming preferences.
(d) The local chapter of the American Marketing Association wants to test the
effectiveness of its new member drive in Atlanta.
Assignment – B
Question 1. Develop a series of questions for determining the proportion of
households with children under age 10 where child abuse takes place. Use the
randomized response technique.
Question 2. A manufacturer would like to survey users to determine the demand
potential for a new power press. The new press has a capacity of 500 tons and
cost $225,000.It is used for forming products from lightweight ad heavyweight
steel can be used by automobile, construction equipment and major appliance
a. Identify the population and sampling frame that could be used. b. Describe
how a simple random sample can be drawn using the identified sampling frame. c.
Could a stratified sample be used? If so , how? d. Could a cluster sample be
used? If so, how? e. Which sampling technique would you recommend? Why?
Question 3. A major department store chain is having an end -of -season sale on
refrigerators. The number of refrigerators sold during this sale at a sample of
10 stores was:
a. Is there evidence that an average of more than 50 refrigerators per store
were sold during this sale? Use alpha = 0.05
b What assumption is necessary to perform this test?
Case Study
Nike Sprints Ahead of the Competition, Yet H as a Long Way to Run Nike Inc.
locate d in Beaverton, Oregon is the number one U.S. athletic footwear company
and one of the most recognized American brands among foreign consumers. The high
degree of recognition is one of the main reasons Nike has been so successful.
For the 2005 fiscal year ending May 31, 2005 the company continued to soar, with
sales of over $13.7 billion. As of 2006 the company’s trademarks included Nike
and Swoosh design and were sold under the brand names Cole Hann, Bauer, and N
ike. The company operated 23 distribution centers in Europe, Asia, Australia,
Latin America, Africa and Canada. Perhaps such success could be attributed to
its concept based advertising campaigns. The company uses a process that is
often called “image transfer”. Nike ads traditionally did not specifically place
a product or mention the brand name. A mood or atmosphere is created and than
brand is associated with that mood. “We don’t set out to make ad the ultimate
goal is to make connection.” States Dan Wieden, executive at one of Nike’s ad
agency. One ad features the Beatles and clips of Nike athletes, Michael Jordan
and John McEnroe, Juxtaposed with pictures of regular folk also engaged in
sports. It was use to infer that real athletes preferred Nike and that perhaps
if general audience buy the brand they will play better, too. Nike’s
unpredictable image -based ads have ranged from the shocking, such as its
portrayal of real blood and guts in the” search and destroy” campaign used
during the 1996 Olympics games, to humors, such as the first ad used to launch
Michael Jordan’s brand wear. The latter advertising made the tongue-in-check
suggestion that Jordan himself had a hand in the production by sleeping away
from a bull’s game at half to run over to his company and than return in time
for the games second half. In 1998 Nike shifted to a new phase in its marketing
strategy. Nike emphasized more of its product innovation skills than the jokey,
edgy attitude that it displayed in previous year.” We recognize that our ads
need to tell consumers that we are about product innovation and not just
athletes and exposure. We need to prove to consumer that we are not just
slapping a swoosh on stuff to make a buck,” said Chris Zimmerman director of
Nike’s U.S. advertising. With the launch of the “I can” campaign, Nike showed
fewer of the celebrity athletes who previously usage than in the previous “Just
Do It” campaign. Competitors Reebok and Adidas recently featured more product
focused ads and were met with a great deal of success. Despite this rearranged
focus, Nike did not back away from innovative marketing. On September 4, 2003
Nike acquired converse Inc. And on august 11, 2004, the company acquired starter
properties LLC and Official Starter LLC. On august 4, 2005, Adidas confirmed
that it had agreed to acquire Reebok for $3.8 billion. Industry official saw
more consolidated ahead. In 2005, Bill Perez, president and CEO of Nike, stated
that developing markets – India, Thailand, Indonesia China, Russia- and the
development of Converse , Starter and Nike’s other subsidiary presented big
growth opportunity. “We’ve just scratched the surface in the women’s fitness. In
soccer, we have become world’s leading on-field performance brand. And we have
been able to leverage that on-field success by creating entirely new category of
soccer street foot ware. And we see opportunities like this throughout the
As the company looks ahead of 2010, at the heart of the Nike’s future strategy
is the international arena, which could prove to be the most difficult element
for Nike to undertake. There seems to be a pretty strong recognition that by
2010, Nike would be largest outside the U S than inside. Most recently Nike
bought out many of its worldwide distribution centers in order to have greater
control of its operation. In the future Nike would like to build up its presence
in the key market of India, Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, China, and Russia. Nike
will focus its advertising on sports and will feature sports that are of
particular interest in specific region. Nike realizes that while it is ahead of
its competition, it still has a long, long way to run.
1. Should N ike switch a focus on celebrity to a focus on its products in its
advertising? Discuss the role of marketing research in helping N ike management
take the decision. What kind of research should be undertaken?
2. How would you describe the buying behavior of consumers with respect to
athlete footwear?
3. What is the management decision problem facing Nike as it attempt to retain
its leadership position?
4. Define the marketing research problem facing N ike, given the management
decision problem you have identified?
5. How can the internet be used to help Nike in conducting marketing research
and in marketing its products?
Assignment – C
1. The respondent’s perceptions that their identities will not be discerned by
the interviewer or the researcher
(a) Social desirability
(b) Critical request
(c) Perceived anonymity
(d) Non response bias
2. Observation bias for mechanical observation
(a) Low
(b) High
(c) Medium
(d) Extremely high
3. Pretest-Posttest Control Group is which type of Experimental design
(a) Pre-experimental
(b) Quasi experimental
(c) True experimental
(d) Statistical
4. The process of correcting data to reduce them to the sample scale by
subtracting the sample mean and dividing by the standard deviation
(a) Generalization
(b) Scale transformation
(c) Standardization
(d) Variable re – specification
5. Scale intervals can be used for
(a) Family lifestyle
(b) Age
(c) Occupation
(d) Sampling
6. The process of recognizing and noting people
(a) Direct observation method
(b) Experimental method
(c) Attitude research
(d) Data gathering
7. Descriptive research is a type of
(a) Exploratory Research
(b) Attitude research
(c) Conclusive research
(d) Experimental research
8. What is meant by value of research information?
(a) How valuable the data is for the client
(b) cost benefit analysis of the data
(c) Information collected from various sources
(d) Total time collected in gathering information
9. The efficiency of OTC products is checked by
(a) Retailers only
(b) Consumers only
(c) Manufacturers only
(d) Distributors only
10. An extraneous variable involving changes in the measuring instrument or in
the observers or scores themselves
(a) Interactive testing effect
(b) Instrumentation
(c) Statistic
(d) Sampling
11. _____may be broadly classified as exploratory or conclusive
(a) Job design
(b) Longitudinal design
(c) Cross-sectional design
(d) Research design
12. The time which a respondent takes before answering the question
(a) Response error
(b) Response Latency
(c) Verbal models
(d) Voice pitch analysis
13. An extraneous variable attributable to the loss of test units while the
experiment is in process
(a) Interactive testing effect
(b) Instrumentation
(c) Statistic
(d) Mortality
14. Which one of these is a Market Research Firm?
(a) PWC
(b) Ernst and Young
(c) AC Nielsen
(d) Voltas
15. A focus group technique using a telecommunication network
(a) Telephonic group

(b) Telephonic interview
(c) Tele session group
(d) Mortality
16. In Exploratory research design the methods are used
(a) Expert surveys
(b) pilot surveys
(c) Qualitative research
(d) all of them
17. The research methodology which provides insights and understanding to the
problem is
(a) Causal research
(b) Descriptive research
(c) Exploratory research
(d) all of them
18. When is the transcribing process of data preparation irrelevant?
(a) CAPI
(b) Mall panel
(c) In home interview
(d) all of them
19. A scale for measuring attitudes that consists of a single adjective in the
middle of an even-numbered range of values, from -5 to +5, without a neutral
(a) Semantic differential scale
(b) likert scale
(c) Continuous rating scale
(d) Staple scale
20. Companies that collect and sell common pools of data designed to serve
information needs shared by a
number of clients
(a) Customized services
(b) Syndicated services
(c) Field services

(d) all of them
21. Which is a type of limited services?
(a) Analytical services
(b) Customized services
(c) Standardized services
(d) Internet services
22. Types of syndicated services
(a) Purchase panel
(b) Tracking data
(c) Audit services
(d) all of them
23. The research design which is used to obtain the evidence of cause and effect
(a) Exploratory research
(b) Descriptive
(c) Cause and effect
(d) Cross-sectional
24. What is list of all units/observations is known as?
(a) Sampling frame
(b) Sampling size
(c) Parameter
(d) Statistics
25. Promotion of cable TV affects the health of a child 1) strongly agrees 2)
agree 3) disagree 4) strongly disagree 5) undecided is an example of:
(a) Ordinal scale
(b) Summated scale
(c) Nominal scale
(d) Arbitrary scale
26. Multiple choice questions for which usually only two responses are given
such as : yes -no , male-female.
(a) Open-ended questions
(b) Multiple choice questions
(c) Dichotomous questions
(d) Unstructured questions
27. The summary description of a fixed characteristic or measure of a target
population is known as :
(a) Parameter
(b) Precision
(c) Statistic
(d) Quota
28. Which of the following is a technique of exploratory research design?
(a) Focus group interviews
(b) Simulation
(c) Secondary data
(d) Interrogation of respondents
29. Which of the following techniques is commonly used in social science
(a) Deliberate sampling
(b) Multistage sampling
(c) Cluster sampling
(d) Systematic sampling
30. Ranking of a team can de done with the help of :
(a) Ratio scale
(b) Interval scale
(c) Ordinal scale
(d) Nominal scale
31. What is the degree of freedom for F-test?
(a) n-k-2
(b) n
(c) n-k
(d) n-k-1
32. Which of the following is the source of secondary data?
(a) Mail interviews
(b) Focus groups
(c) Delphi technique
(d) Sales records
33. What is the another name for single cross-sectional designs?
(a) Longitudinal designs
(b) Sample survey design techniques
(c) Projective techniques
(d) Causal design
34. Questions to which the respondents can answer in their own words
(a) Dichotomous questions
(b) Unstructured questions
(c) Structured questions
(d) None of the above
35. Number of units to be included in the study is called
(a) Sampling frame
(b) Sampling
(c) Sample size
(d) Sampling unit
36. Technique used to motivate respondents to enlarge on, clarify or explain
their answers
(a) Interviewing
(b) Sampling
(c) Probing
(d) Questioning
37. Non-metric data can be measured on
(a) Interval
(b) Nominal or ordinal scale
(c) Ratio scale
(d) None of the above
38. Which of the following represents the middle value when the data is arranged
in the ascending or descending order?
(a) Mode
(b) Median
(c) Mean
(d) Average
39. Story – telling is an example of
(a) Delphi technique
(b) Observational methods
(c) Depth interviews
(d) Projective technique
40. “A Local radio station asks people to call in and express their reactions to
some controversial issues “is an example of:
(a) Judgment sample
(b) Convenience sample
(c) Quota sample
(d) Probabilistic sample
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